Stainless Steel And Modern Architecture

For hundreds of years, all buildings were constructed primarily of wood and masonry. This began to change dramatically in the 18th century when wrought iron and cast iron were introduced as construction materials. Swiftly, a variety of metals took over as the preferred foundation for construction and architecture, a legacy which continues to this day. Iron initially supplanted both wood and masonry because of its superior strength and fire resistance, especially the latter. Several disastrous fires in the latter part of the 18th century led to the development of less combustible buildings which relied on cast iron as a major element of their construction.

Cast iron was also preferred for large public buildings due to the fact that a huge floor could be built with iron supports that prevented bouncing, or sagging in the middle, which was the case for flooring constructed with wooden supports.

Iron as a primary architectural material was in its turn overridden by the superior attributes of steel, for both sheet metal and supports. Steel is stronger than both cast iron and wrought iron and also has a greater resistance to corrosion.

The advent of the mass production of steel in the 19th century revolutionized architecture, leading to the ability to design and build enormously tall structures such as skyscrapers.

At the beginning of the 20th century, stainless steel was developed. Due to its aesthetic appeal and extremely high corrosion resistance, it became an external feature of much architecture. Buildings in marine environments often choose stainless steel sheeting for their exterior, since the building materials are exposed to corrosive elements. This is not only a concern for the surface area; many structures in such environments also use stainless steel material in their foundations, since the soil will be more corrosive than usual due to salt content.

By far the most well-known use of stainless steel in modern architecture though, is for its luster and visual appeal. The Chrysler Building in New York City is the chief early example of using stainless steel plate for its aesthetic attributes. The Chrysler Building was the first large scale use of stainless steel and was completed in 1930. It proves the superiority of stainless steel material used externally since today, almost one hundred years later, the stainless steel of this world famous building is in near pristine condition.

Another famous modern use of stainless steel material for construction is the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. The Arch was designed to last one thousand years, which is one of the primary reasons the architect chose stainless steel. Also, like the Chrysler Building, the steel used in the Arch is to this day still in excellent condition, effortlessly maintaining its striking visual appeal.

Currently, celebrated architect Frank Gehry often chooses stainless steel sheeting to clad his spectacular buildings; the most well known example in the U.S. being the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles.

Truly, steel has revolutionized architecture, from the steel used for interior supports and foundations, enabling buildings to rise toward the sky, to the dramatic use of stainless steel plate on buildings’ exteriors, commanding our attention.

A Look At Materials In Architectural Model Making

Architectural models typically fall into one of three categories: sales models, development models, and planning models. There are varied forms and materials in architectural model making. Each works to assist in accurately detailing the look of the full scale design.

A basic model will be done with block forms. These offer very limited detail and can be made using special card box or foam tooling board. Another option is styrene which can be used in place of the card box.

More detailed models will be made using laser cut styrene or acrylic sheet. Additional details will be cut into the model such as windows and details of the elevation. With some types and scales of developments there may also be interior details included in the architectural model.

Giving consideration to the delicate nature of design materials is always key in model construction. Regardless of the purpose for your model, it can pose quite a roadblock when there are material issues that create design defects. This is commonly find in lighting use with certain of the new acrylic materials that are becoming more popular. Too much application of heat can cause warping and melting within the project and spoil the design effect.

More and more companies are finding it helpful to use 3D software to design architectural models. This eliminates the need for concern in areas of lighting and other aspects of material sensitivity. While it does not provide the same effect as a physical model, 3D software eliminates materials costs on this level of construction and can be outsourced quite easily.

The materials used in architectural model making have varied over time. They are generally chosen for their cost-effectiveness and the ability of to be easily manipulated for construction. Online researching can reveal a thorough list of the most common materials that are presently used in architectural models and the reason for their prevalence.

Restaurant Ideas -supply Shelter Around The Entry

Over the years of being a restaurant architect, I’ve researched a lot of facilities to be able to figure out just what restaurant ideas cause them to become prosperous. There are so various distinct features that can decide success, it could be unachievable to actually list the entire collection of ideas in a single write-up let alone discuss them all in one document. I plan to focus right here on simply 1 element, refuge with the entrance. Below I shall be discussing my findings being a restaurant architect on what creates a great restaurant entry shelter, the way potential consumers interact with it as well as why it’s important. There are many kinds of restaurants from the full-service fine dining places down by means of fast casual to bare-bones restaurants like a carryout only pizza shops but the principals of great design apply to all restaurants equally. All restaurants share the same principals but not the exact same design. Excellent design always starts with universal principals combined with the requirements of the diners along with the intent of the owner. A restaurants advertising effort to the public need to commence with the architecture and design. This article is created to crystallize a set of principals for the use of the food service professional to support the restaurateur far better recognize restaurant design, but not to replace the restaurant architect. No matter how talented somebody is no one can do every thing well. An entrance refuge is much more than just the utilitarian factor that keeps buyers dry when they open the door or wait for their car, it really is a primary design element that everybody need to interact with.

The weather just isn’t often very good and the well designed entrance will begin to give shelter to clients before entering. Diners won’t be rushing by means of the doors when it really is raining. Consumers will be able to approach the entrance and get out of the rain prior to using the doors. It also supplies a location for consumers to stand outside even though waiting for a friend or their vehicle. I have chosen the term protection to be far more general than canopy. Saying canopy has a set of limitations, that I desire to steer clear of, canopies are normally fabric and always project out past the building facade. A canopy is a refuge but a refuge in not necessarily a canopy. The entrance shelter need to provide the needed protection a customer needs to permit them to slow down for a moment and collect themselves just before proceeding into the restaurant with out being a barrier to entrance. These shelters could be made of anything that maintain the rain off and could project out from the principal facade or the door itself can be pulled inside the building. A lot of times I see well intentioned restaurants location an entire fabric vestibule outside the building this completely defeats the purpose. It hides the expensive real front door and in poor weather buyers will crash against it and hurry by way of eliminating the main benefit.

Of course the protection at the restaurant entrance is only a component the the entire restaurant design and not just a stand alone thing. This write-up if extremely reductionist in nature simply because of its extremely narrow focus on only the restaurant entrance shelter and ignoring the floor plan and every thing else. That being said, the entrance refuge is extremely crucial and deserves this focus since it so crucial to the entrance expertise. Even smarter diners a lot of not notice an entrance shelter but they’ll really feel the absence of 1. The ideas discussed here are design principles and not an endorsement of any 1 item or style. These design ideas need to be applicable whether you’re opening a restaurant just from a new concept or in re-branding effort of an existing restaurant. Good design will enhance any enterprise. In your future design projects I hope the ideas discussed here are helpful to the restaurant professional. In case you have an existing restaurant and locate your entrance refuge lacking please take action based on what you have read hear.

5 Tips For Mastering Design

When it comes to learning architecture design, it is important for you to take advantage of as many different educational offerings available to you. These different tips and services are going to give you the necessary knowledge to understand and excel inside your craft. The more educational offerings you have at your disposal, the greater your chances are of becoming a professional architect and working inside the field for a considerable amount of time. These five tips for mastering design are going to ensure you are able to do just that.

Learn the Latest Software

Understanding the latest, most up to date versions of CAD and other similar design programs is very important. Short for computer aided design, CAD software is very important in many design careers, as it allows you to construct and produce almost anything online. These design elements are going to give you the capability to produce what you have in mind to a point where you can see exactly how it is going to look in the long run.


While enrolled inside of a design college, you are going to have access to classes and course work that should prepare you for working as a professional architect and designer. However, real world experience, on top of your knowledge, is going to allow you to excel in this field. It is also why becoming an intern is so important. While this is only for a short period of time, it gives you a foot in the door and allows you to understand exactly what is going on with the design process.

Know Blueprints

Blueprints are the diagrams everyone in the architecture field work off of in order to showcase designs and ensure everyone on the job site knows what is going on and what needs to be accomplished. With architecture training, you are going to be able to handle this kind of work, all while not struggling to understand the blueprints yourself.

Learn from Former Designers

In order to improve upon the past, it is necessary for you to understand it. By studying former and current designers, learning how they created what they did and what sets them apart is the only way you are going to be able to excel as a designer yourself. You need to know where you came from in order to move forward with where you want to go in the end. A good design college is a great way for a focused retrospective.


The only way you’ll ever learn is if you experiment with something you do not know about and practice. Yes, you might not accomplish what you set out to do, but you’ll learn why it happened, what prevented it from going correctly and be able to correctly perform the design in the future. The more you experiment over the course of your architecture training, the more you’ll learn and the more you’ll eventually succeed.

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